Now, since we're going to attempt to make a connection with and have communication with the gods, goddesses and angels of the Hawaiian system, it might be good if we had an idea of who they are. Io was also the first and original Hawaiian God. The 4 major gods, Ku, Lono, Kane and Kanaloa came later. The Hawaiians would later drift away from Io into the Aumakua system, and then to the 4 main gods with the establishment of the systems of Pa'ao.
Kane was created, then Na' wahine was created. Keawe, Kane, and Na' wahine dwell together in the house of the sun Hale a ka La. Kane is the primordial lord of the sun, and also appears in many different aspects which are personifications of natural phenomena such as Kane-hekili, the god of the thunder, and in the Taro root which, like Kane is purple.
Kane is represented by an uncarved upright stone, since mankind cannot put form to the formless one. Kane is lord of the west. Uli is the highest manifestation of universal feminine energy, the Goddess of Serenity. Uli, Keawe's first daughter, is also worshiped as Malama, the goddess of the moon. Uli as Uli- nana-pono was the one who saw all things the individual did that were right. As Uli-nana-hewa, she also saw all the things that an individual did that were wrong.
In most of the original systems of the peoples of the earth, through out the world, Mana is in the domain of the feminine. Man without the goddess energy is unmotivated -- not moved to action. The male energy is the domain of form, the femine of energy. Woman is the creator of life -- the creator of Mana -- because it is she who creates life, and so brings out the life force energy -- Mana. Kanaloa: Son of Na' wahine and Kane, and married to Tapo. Kanaloa is the ruler of the oceans, and consequently the ruler of the Mana.
Kanaloa channels or funnels the Mana that comes from Io to Kane to Kanaloa. Since Kanaloa is the ruler of Mana, he is also invoked in some cases to alleviate or disperse disease see the chant Pule Hee. Kanaloa is Lord of the South. When the Christian Missionaries arrived, they decided that Kanaloa was the devil, cast out of heaven.KU and Hina, male or husband kane and female or wife wahineare invoked as great ancestral gods of heaven and earth who have general control over the fruitfulness of earth and the generations of mankind.
Ku means "rising upright," Hina means "leaning down. Prayer is addressed to Ku toward the east, to Hina toward the west. Together the two include the whole earth and the heavens from east to west; in a symbol also they include the generations of mankind, both those who are to come and those already born. Some kahunas teach a prayer for sickness addressing Ku and Hina, others address Kahikina-o-ka-la The rising of the sun and Komohana-o-ka-la Entering in of the sun.
Still others call upon the spirits of descendants and ancestors, praying toward the east to Hina-kua -back as mother of those who are to come, and toward the west to Hina-alo -front for those already born. The prayer to Ku and Hina of those who pluck herbs for medicine emphasizes family relationship as the claim to protection. All are children from a single stock, which is Ku. Ku [or Hina], listen! I have come to gather for [naming the sick person] this [naming the plant] which was rooted in Kahiki, spread its rootlets in Kahiki, produced stalk in Kahiki, branched in Kahiki, leafed in Kahiki, budded in Kahiki, blossomed in Kahiki, bore fruit in Kahiki.
Life is from you, O God, until he [or she] crawls feebly and totters in extreme old age, until the blossoming time at the end. Amama, it is freed. Ku is therefore the expression of the male generating power of the first parent by means of which the race is made fertile and reproduces from a single stock. Hina is the expression of. Through the woman must all pass into life in this world. The two, Ku and Hina, are hence invoked as inclusive of the whole ancestral line, past and to come.
Ku is said to preside over all male spirits godsHina over the female. They are national gods, for the whole people lay claim to their protection as children descended from a single stock in the ancient homeland of Kahiki. The idea of Ku and Hina as an expression of common parentage has had an influence upon fiction, where hero or heroine is likely to be represented as child of Ku and Hina, implying a claim to high birth much like that of the prince and princess of our own fairy tales.
It enters into folk conceptions. A slab-shaped or pointed stone pohaku which stands upright is called male, pohaku-o-Kane; a flat papa or rounded stone is called female, papa-o-Hina or pohaku-o-Hina, and the two are believed to produce stone children.
So the upright breadfruit ulu tree is male and is called ulu-ku; the low, spreading tree whose branches lean over is ulu-hapapa and is regarded as female. These distinctions arise from analogy, in the shape of the breadfruit blossom and of the rock forms, with the sexual organs, an analogy from which Hawaiian symbolism largely derives and the male expression of which is doubtless to be recognized in the conception of the creator god, Kane.
The universal character of Ku as a god worshiped to produce good crops, good fishing, long life, and family and national prosperity for a whole people is illustrated in a prayer quoted by J.
Emerson as one commonly used to secure a prosperous year:. O Ku, O Li! Soften your land that it may bring forth. Bring forth where? Bring forth in the sea [naming the fishing ground], squid, ulua fish. Encourage your land to bring forth. Bring forth, on land, potatoes, taro, gourds, coconuts, bananas, calabashes. Bring forth what? Bring forth men, women, children, pigs, fowl, food, land.
About Tiki Gods
Bring forth chiefs, commoners, pleasant living; bring about good will, ward off ill will. Here again, in the antithesis between sea and land, is another illustration like that between male and female of the practical nature of prayer, which sought to omit no fraction of the field covered lest some virtue be lost.
The habit of antithesis thus became a stylistic element in all Hawaiian poetic thought. Imagination played with such mythical conceptions of earth and heaven as Papa and Wakea Awakea, literally midday. Night po was the period of the gods, day ao was that of mankind.Created by Na' wahine and Kane, and married to Hina.
Hawaiian Myths and Legends
Ku and his manifestations, such as Ku-ka-ilimoku Ku, the eater of islands-- the personal god of King Kamehameha, I were brought to Hawaii by Pa'ao and when that happened, the original order was overthrown. When Ku became as the primary god of Hawaii somewhere betweenand A. Today, Ku is the prevailing deity in the Heiau of Hawaii, and so women are not allowed on the platforms of the Heiau and are not allowed to make offerings.
While we do not agree with the Kapu against women in today's current system, we respect the beliefs of the current Kapu system. The days of dishonor to women are over, however, and it is time to end that prohibition. Ku is Lord of the North. Ku-ka-ili-moku was the guardian of Kamehameha I. He is depicted with a wide grimacing mouth and bent legs.
He is known as the god of war and the husband of the goddess Hina. This analysis is not supported by evidence from other Polynesian languages which distinguish the original "ng" and "n".
Hina's counterpart in New Zealand for example, is Hina, associated with the moon, rather than Hinga, "fallen down". Thus, the Hawaiian name Hina is probably rather connected to the other meaning of hina, denoting a silvery-grey color like the full moon ; indeed the moon is named Mahina in the Hawaiian language.
They are uncreated gods who have existed from eternity. Here we have a 48" Ku Kona style stained version which is a beautiful tiki KU measuring 48 inches, made out of solid monkey pod wood, hand polished and stained in Hawaii.
KU is known as the Tiki of strength, sunrise and warrior. View all posts by: kapotrading.
May 11, No comments. Written by kapotrading Aloha! We hope you'll do the same. With over fun, unique and authentic Hawaiian items, we deliver Hawaii to you!Vid#9 Part2 AKUA (God/Gods)
Leave a comment Click here to cancel reply.Prior to the arrival of the missionaries inHawaiians believed in many gods. A Hawaiian chant, the Kumulipo which consists of lines, links the royal families to the gods.
Demi-gods included Pele and many others. The complexities of the relationships between all Hawaiian gods are explained in many legends. Each Hawaiian family had its own aumakua personal god which protected them. For some it was the shark, others the pig, and so on. The Hawaiians built many heiau temples and placed offerings on specially constructed altar-like towers. Most offerings were edible and wrapped in ti leaves to keep the evil spirits away.
Human sacrifice did occur but was not common. It was reserved for the war god Ku. The Hawaiian religion was greatly altered by the missionaries, yet strong beliefs did not die. In modern times a Hawaiian priest may bless a ground-breaking ceremony with a combination of Hawaiian chants and Christian prayers. The spirit of old Hawaii lives on. Of the great gods worshiped throughout Polynesia, Ku, Kane, Lono and Kanaloa were named to the early missionaries.
They are invoked together in chant, as in the lines: A distant place lying in quietness for Ku, for Lono, for Kane and Kanaloa. Rituals included human sacrifice, which was not part of the worship of the other gods.
Ku, Kane, and Lono caused light to shine in upon the world. They are uncreated gods who have existed from eternity. Lono is a fertility and music god who descended to Earth on a rainbow to marry Laka. In agricultural and planting traditions, Lono was identified with rain and food plants. Lono was also the god of peace. God of procreation. Highest of the 4 major Hawaiian Tiki Gods.He is known as the god of war and the husband of the goddess Hina.
Hina's counterpart in New Zealand for example, is Hina, associated with the moonrather than Hinga, "fallen down". Thus, the Hawaiian name Hina is probably rather connected to the other meaning of hinadenoting a silvery-grey color  like the full moon ; indeed the moon is named Mahina in the Hawaiian language. They are uncreated gods who have existed from eternity. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may have too many section headers dividing up its content.
Please help improve the article by merging similar sections and removing unneeded subheaders. May Hawaiian Mythology. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. Collections Online. Retrieved 16 November Hidden categories: Articles needing cleanup from May All pages needing cleanup All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July Namespaces Article Talk.
Island Life. In the beginning in Hawaiian mythology, Po was a vast, empty land, a dark abyss where only one life form dwelled. This was the spirit of Keawe. A single light shown through the darkness of Po-a flame holding the energy of creation. In this chaotic vortex, Keawe evolved order. He opened his great calabash and flung the lid into the air. As it unfolded, it became the huge canopy of blue sky.
From his calabash, Keawe drew an orange disk, hanging it from the sky to become the sun. Next Keawe manifested himself as Na Wahine, a female divinity considered his daughter.
In addition, he became Kane, his own son, also known as Eli or Eli-Eli, who was the male generative force of creation. In the Kumulipo, the best known of the Hawaiian creation chants, the feats of Eli-Eli are detailed in rhythmic litany.
Na Wahine and Kane mated spiritually to produce a royal family, who became additional primary gods worshipped by the Hawaiian people. In ancient chants and rituals, three sons: Ku, Lono, and Kanaloa, along with Kane are the four major Hawaiian gods.
Keawe made Kane the ruler of natural phenomena, such as the earth, stones, fresh water. Most importantly, Ku as Kukailimoku was god of war, but he also reigned over woodlands and crops, and in various forms was worshipped by craftsmen.
Bird catchers and feather workers appealed to Kuhuluhulumanu, fishermen to Ku'ula, sorcerers to Kukoae, for example. Kanaloa was responsible for the southern Pacific Ocean and as such was god of seamen and lord of fishermen. Lono, as lord of the sun and of wisdom, caused the earth to grow green.
As a god of medicine, he had a particular interest in keeping herbs and medicinal plants flourishing. Lono was the god who presided over the makahiki season when war ceased and taxes were paid to the ali'i. Kane and Na Wahine also had daughters.
Among them, Laka was the goddess of hula; Hina was the mother of Maui who pulled the Hawaiian Islands from the ocean; and Kapo was the goddess of the South Pacific and was largely worshipped on Maui. Among the major divinities was the goddess Papa, queen of nature, and the man she married, called Wakea.
In legend, Papa and Wakea's first child was born deformed like a taro root. From the child's grave, the first taro plant grew to furnish sustenance to the rest of the human race, which had its origins in this first couple. The twelfth deity was Milu, lord of the spirit world and lord of Ka-pa'a-he'o, where souls who had departed their sleeping or unconscious mortal body might end up if they were not pardoned by their 'aumakua personal gods during their wanderings.
One of several entrances to the barren, arid land of Milu was thought to be through a pit situated in the mouth of Waipi'o Valley on the Big Island. Each man worshipped a deity, or akua, that represented his profession. Gods existed for bird snarers, canoe makers, robbers, kapa makers, fishermen, etc. Most farmers revered Lono, who was considered a benign god. When crops ripened, farmers performed religious services to the gods by building a fire to honor whichever god they worshipped, be it Ku, Kane, Lono, or Kanaloa.
During the ceremony, food was cooked and portioned out to each man who sat in a circle around an idol of that particular god. A kahuna offered the food to heaven.
After the ceremony was completed, the people could eat freely of the cooked food, but each time new food was cooked in the imu underground ovena bit of it had to be offered to the god again before the common man could eat.In Hawaiian folklore and mythology, there are hundread of gods and goddesses. These gods vary from terrifying, like Ku the great god of war and sorcery who demand human sacifices to appease him to the non-threathening like Nuakea the beneficient goddess of milk and lactation.
Some gods have been thought to have died off of been killed, others are still active and very present in everyday life. While history and tales about gods vary, here are some of the more famous, popular and fascinating Gods:. Perhaps one of the most well known, Pele is the Goddess of Fire and Volcanoes. Throughout the years, she has become the most evident among the gods and goddesses. She is thought to live inside Kilauea Volcano, a still active volcano.
Haumea is the goddess of childbirth in Hawaiian mythology and thought to be the mother of Volcano God Pele. In one Hawaiian story, it was believed that her children were born arising from different parts of her body. The God Kaulu who is known as the trickster God eventually killed her.
Ku was the much-feared and terrible god of war and sorcery. He was also god of the deep forest, mountains, dry and wet farming and the god of fishing. His images were often carved on the red flowering ohia lehua tree. It was said that akua or image of the god was a roughly carved, small wooden figure with a headdress made of yellow feathers. He was recognized as the husband of goddess Hina, the goddess most frequently associated with the moon. Ku one of the few gods that required human sacrifice, making him one of the most horrifying gods of Hawaiian mythology.
Papa is the goddess of earth and is known as the mother of gods. She married the god of sky Wakea. Native Hawaiian women also worship her and the Hale O Papa is a structure dedicated to her.
The leader of what are known as the four deities. He is the god of procreation, the creator, the giver of life.
According to the Kumuhonua legend, he formed the three worlds: the upper heaven of the gods, the lower heaven above the earth, and the earth itself as a garden for mankind; the latter he furnished with sea creatures, plants, and animals, and fashioned man and woman to inhabit it.
It is thought that the first man was created in the image of Kane. With these gods we are only scratching the surface of Hawaiian gods as there are literally hundreds more, each with their own fascinating origin.
You can learn more about Hawaiian mythology from the wikipedia page, where we got a lot of our information for the article. As with any culture that has been around for such a long period of time cultural stories have developed and been passed on from generation and Hawaiian culture is no different.
Legends about their gods and goddesses are not fascination but important to understanding this timeless culture. Please message or email us for availability.
While history and tales about gods vary, here are some of the more famous, popular and fascinating Gods: Pele Perhaps one of the most well known, Pele is the Goddess of Fire and Volcanoes. Ku Ku was the much-feared and terrible god of war and sorcery. Papa or Papahanaumoku and Wakea Papa is the goddess of earth and is known as the mother of gods. Kane The leader of what are known as the four deities.